Women constitute almost 50% of the world’s population but India has shown disproportionate sex ratio whereby female’s population has been comparatively lower than males. As far as their social status is concerned, they are not treated as equal to men in all the places. In the Western civilizations, the women have got equal right and status with men in all strides of life. But gender disabilities and discriminations are found in India even today. The illogical situation has such that she was sometimes concerned as Goddess and at other times simply as slave.
Women in India
The women in India are allowed to a unique status of equality with the men as per constitutional and legal provision. But in reality, it is not happening still 100% in the community and the situations and status can be described as follows.
- A female is mainly dependent on male members of the family.
- In most of the communities, a female is not allowed to speak with loud voice in the presence of elder members of her in-laws.
- In the family every faults had gone to her and responsible.
- As a widow her dependence on a male member of the Family or Society still more increases.
- In many social activities she is not permitted to mix with other members of the family.
- A woman has very little share in political, social and economic life of the society.
- Always suffering from misbehavior of males
Empowerment of women
The concept of empowerment flows from the power. It is vesting where it does not exist or exist inadequately. Empowerment of women would mean equipping women to be economically independent, self-reliant, have positive esteem to enable them to face any difficult situation and they should be able to participate in development activities. The empowered women should be able to participate in the process of decision making.
Reasons for the empowerment of women
Today we have noticed different Acts and Schemes of the central government as well as state government to empower the women of India. But in India women are discriminated and marginalized at every level of the society whether it is social participation, political participation, economic participation, access to education, and also reproductive healthcare. Women are found to be economically very poor all over the India. A few women are engaged in services and other activities. So, they need economic power to stand on their own legs on per with men. Other hand, it has been observed that women are found to be less literate than men.
Four of the main processes that could lead to women's empowerment are
- changes in women's mobility and social interaction
- changes in women's labour patterns
- changes in women's access to and control over resources
- changes in women's control over decision-making
Bring about the advancement, development and empowerment of women.
- Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realize their full potential
- The de-jure and de-facto enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres – political, economic, social, cultural and civil
- Equal access to participation and decision making of women in social, political and economic life of the nation
- Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc.
- Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women
- Changing societal attitudes and community practices by active participation and involvement of both men and women.
- Mainstreaming a gender perspective in the development process.
- Elimination of discrimination and all forms of violence against women and the girl child.
- Building and strengthening partnerships with civil society, particularly women’s organizations.